Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier – French chemist and noblewoman
Today’s topic on :- Marie-Anne + French + Woman + History + Chemist + Noble + Perspective.
| Article By Amit Kumar [www.mydatawords.com ] | On Date 11 and Updated on March 29, 2021 |
Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier
Hi friends today topic about history related and memorable and notable Marie-Anne history related a French Chemist…. This is for MA and dedicated to the Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier – French chemist and noblewoman.
Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze Lavoisier was a French chemist and noble. She was the wife of Antoine Lavoisier and acted as his laboratory companion and contributed to his work. Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier studied drawing with the famous artist louis David and she became such a skilled engraver that she produced the copperplate illustrations for Lavoisier classic work. Traite de chimie and two engravings byPaulze Lavoisier are particularly interesting as they show her taking notes while Lavoisier directs an experiment on oxygen intake versus carbon dioxide output using his collegue. Most of his income came from running the Ferme Générale (the General Farm) which was a private consortium of financiers who paid the French monarchy for the privilege of collecting certain taxes.
Marie-Anne Paulze was also instrumental in the 1789 publication of Lavoisier’s Elementary Treatise on Chemistry, which presented a unified view of chemistry as a field. This work proved pivotal in the progression of chemistry, as it presented the idea of conservation of mass as well as a list of elements and a new system for chemical nomenclature. Marie-Anne Paulze contributed thirteen drawings that showed all the laboratory instrumentation and equipment used by the Lavoisiers in their experiments. She also kept strict records of the procedures followed, lending validity to the findings Lavoisier published.
Marie-Anne Paulze visited Lavoisier regularly and fought for his release. She presented his case before Antoine Dupin who was Lavoisier’s accuser and a former member of the Ferme-Générale. She told of her husband’s accomplishments as a scientist and his importance to the nation of France. Lavoisier continued to work for the Ferme-Générale but in 1775 was appointed administrator, leading the couple to settle down at the Arsenal in Paris but Lavoisier continued to work for the Ferme-Générale but in 1775 was appointed gunpowder administrator, leading the couple to settle down at the Arsenal in Paris. Here, Lavoisier’s interest in chemistry blossomed having previously trained at the chemical laboratory of Guillaume Francois Rouelle and, with the financial security provided by both his and Paulze’s family, as well as his various titles and other business ventures, he was able to construct a state-of-the art Chemistry laboratory. Marie-Anne Paulze soon became interested in his scientific research and began to actively participate in her husband’s laboratory work.
Marie-Anne Paulze, being in the English, Latin language was able to translate various works about phlogiston into French for her husband to read and was used to describe the apparent property changes that substances exhibited when burned. This was an invaluable service to Lavoisier who relied on Paulze’s translation of foreign works to keep abreast of current developments in chemistry. In the case of phlogiston, it was Paulze’s translation that convinced him the idea was incorrect, ultimately leading to his studies of combustion and his discovery of oxygen gas. Marie-Anne Paulze accompanied Lavoisier in his lab during the day, making entries into his lab notebooks and sketching diagrams of his experimental designs. The training she had received from the painter Jacques Louis David allowed her to accurately and precisely draw experimental apparatuses, which ultimately helped many of Lavoisier’s contemporaries to understand his methods and results.
Main achievements The Lavoisiers rebuilt the field of chemistry.
In 1794 Lavoisier, due to his prominent position in the Ferme-Générale, was branded a traitor during the Reign of Terror by French revolutionaries. Marie-Anne Paulze Paulze was also instrumental in the 1789 publication of Lavoisier’s Elementary Treatise on Chemistry, which presented a unified view of chemistry as a field. Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze was a French chemist and noblewoman. Madame Lavoisier was the wife of the chemist and nobleman Antoine Lavoisier, and acted as his laboratory companion and contributed to his work. She played a pivotal role in the translation of several scientific works, and was instrumental to the standardization of the scientific method.
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