To know about Neuroscience
Today’s Topic on :– Medical and Medical related [ Neuroscience ]
|Article By Amit Kumar [ mydatawords.com ] | Updated : July 28, 2020|
Medical and medical related [ Neurology and Neuroscience ]
I’m not posting last days because I’m working on this topic and others and also lots of worked on this topic [ Neurology and Neuroscience ] and my previous topic was also interesting about law related -> [ Affixation / co-operation law ]. Now in this topic, introducing about neurological science, field and i will be elaborate more about this topic to the next post. Okay let’s start the reading…..
The neurologist occupies a special role by using extensive synthetic and analytical skill to explain neurological symptoms and findings. Neurology is distinctive in allowing a type of detailed interpretation of signs and symptoms that, as a result of the fixed structure of the nervous system, provides certainty in diagnosis that is not possible in other fields.
Neurology is the practice and study of diseases of the nervous system. It is among the most complex and exacting medical specialties and yet it is perhaps the most rewarding, encompassing as it does all aspects of human behavior, cognition, memory, movement, pain, sensory experience, and the homeostatic functions of the body that are under nervous control. Among the provocative aspects of neurology is the manner in which diseases disrupt the functions of the mind, but the field also encompasses study of the diseases of nerves, muscles, spinal cord, and cerebral hemispheres.
The close connections among neurology and the fields of internal medicine, psychiatry, neuro-pathology,develop-mental medicine and pediatrics, critical care,neurorehabilitation, and neurosurgery extend the purview of clinical neurology. As has occurred in other branches of medicine, increased understanding of disease and therapeutic options has led to the emergence of numerous sub specialties of neurology.This is the method of localization that is almost unique to neurology. and the part of the excitement of modern neurology is the incorporation of advances in imaging, and in the neuro-sciences including neuro-genetics, neuro-chemistry, neu-roepidemiology, and neuro-pathology, which now offer deep insights into the fundamental nature of disease.
Neurological symptoms do not present themselves as immediately referable to a part of the nervous system and the neurologist must therefore be knowledgeable in all aspects of nervous system function and disease and also application of medical knowledge is attained by adhering to the principles of the clinical method, which has been retained to a greater degree in neurology than in other fields of medicine. Even the experienced neurologist faced with a complex clinical problem uses this basic approach.In most cases, the clinical method consists of an orderly series of steps .The symptoms and signs are secured with as much confidence as possible by history and physical examination.
The symptoms and physical signs considered relevant to the problem at hand are interpreted in terms of physiology and anatomy , one identifies the dis-order of function and the anatomic structures that are implicated.
These analyses permit the physician to localize the disease process, i.e., to name the parts of the nervous system affected. This is the anatomic, or topographic diagnosis, which often allows the recognition of a characteristic clustering of symptoms and signs, constituting a syndrome.
From the anatomic diagnosis and other specific medical data—particularly the mode of onset and speed of evolution of the illness, the involvement of non-neurologic organ systems, the relevant past and family medical histories, and the imaging and laboratory findings,one deduces the etiologic diagnosis and its pathogenesis.
Finally, the physician should assess the degree of disability and determine whether it is temporary or permanent (functional diagnosis), this is important in managing the patient’s illness and judging the potential for restoration of function (prognosis). The likely causes of a neurological disease are judged in the context of a patient’s personal and demographic characteristics, including their age, race, ethnicity, and geographic circumstances. Knowledge of the incidence and prevalence of diseases among populations defined by these factors (base rates) is a valuable component of the diagnostic process.
These change over time as for example, during epidemics, and may differ even within neighborhoods or regions of one country. In recent decades, some of these steps have been eclipsed by imaging methods that allow precise localization of a lesion and, furthermore, often characterize the category of disease. Parts of the elaborate examination that intended to localize lesions are no longer necessary in every patient.
And all of these steps are undertaken in the service of effective treatment an ever increasing aspect in neurology. Even when specific treatment is not available accurate diagnosis may in its own right function as a therapy as uncertainty about the cause of a neurological illness may be as troubling to the patient than the disease itself and the solution to a clinical problem need not always be schematized in this way…..
Thank for reading.
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